Coverage Areas:  National |  South Carolina |  Aiken |  Beaufort |  Charleston |  Columbia |  Greenville |  Myrtle Beach |  Rock Hill
Menu

Human narratives in the Bible

Q: I’ve been trying to read the Bible. I started in Genesis but came across the story of the nephilim (Gen 6:1-4), which appar­ently are the offspring of angels and human women? What is this all about? Is this something we believe? (Lexington, SC)

A: I’m very grateful for your question, especially because it started with your resolution to read the Bible. It’s important for ev­ery Catholic to read, study, and pray the Sacred Scriptures. Thank you for taking this part of our disciple­ship so seriously. And now to your specific question.

Genesis, Chapters 1-11, are pre-history. This means that these stories were passed along by oral tradition before things were written down. They were literally before history. This clarification is important because it should shape how we read this part of the Bible. Namely, these eleven chap­ters should be approached with a certain flexibility and an under­standing of figurative literature (Catechism of the Catholic Church, #390).

The use of figurative literature is essential to human narratives since it emphasizes a pivotal lesson by using exaggerated figures or events to stress the importance of the lesson. While such an approach can distress our Western empirical minds, figurative language is born from the human heart and has been with the human family since before history.

According to Genesis 6, there­fore, the nephilim are the giants born from sexual union between the “sons of God” and the “daugh­ters of man.” It’s possible that in the light of the figurative world­view of the ancient world, the hu­man author of this story actually meant giants, angels, and human women.

If this was the case, the author was most likely figuratively de­scribing a very human phenom­enon. We suspect that the sons of Seth, who were the children of God as the grandchildren of Adam and Eve, were attracted to the daugh­ters of Cain, who had been removed from the fellowship of the blessed and were considered “of the earth” since he and his descendants no lon­ger shared God’s blessing. It appears that from such a forbidden union, the children were of incredibly large size, to the point that they were considered a new breed of human beings, namely, the nephilim, or giants.

The lesson of the story is the importance of staying true to the blessing of God and to be cautious in terms of who one marries. It is interesting that within the first few chapters of salvation history, we already see the implicit results of poor sexual partners and the conse­quences of being “unyoked” to those who chose to live outside of God’s blessings (2 Cor 6:14).

 

Q: In a previous column you answered that Catholic wed­dings have to be celebrated in a church. Pope Francis celebrated a wedding on an airplane. Have the rules changed? (Greenville, SC)

A: Yes, Pope Francis dispensed with several aspects of mar­riage preparation and liturgical law in the well-advertised in-flight wedding he celebrated during his recent apostolic journey to South America.

While this was a surprise in some respects, you might recall from the same column you quoted, that I indicated “for serious rea­sons” a bishop could suspend the requirement of a wedding in a church. Based on news reports, the spouses in question could not be married in their parish church because it had been destroyed in an earthquake and so the pope decided to celebrate their wedding on the airplane.

It’s important to stress that the authority to make such a decision is reserved to local bishops in their respective dioceses or to the pope and cardinals, who have universal jurisdiction. Parish priests, how­ever, are bound by liturgical law for the reasons explained in the last column.

Father Jeffrey Kirby is administrator of Our Lady of Grace Church in Lancaster. Email him your questions at askfrkirby@gmail.com.






  • Diocesan Events Calendar
    View All Events
    Aug 1910:00 am Volunteer Workday and Open House Potluck
    From the Calendar of St. John School North Charleston
    Aug 258:00 am Day of Prayer for Deacons
    From the Calendar of Diaconate
    Sep 1 Daniel Rudd Fund Application Closes
    From the Calendar of African American Ministry
    10:00 am Junta de Equipo Diocesano de Emmaus
    From the Calendar of Pastoral Juvenil
    Sep 18 National Association of Black Catholic Administrators Annual Meeting
    From the Calendar of African American Ministry
    Oct 13 Diocesan Evangelization Conference
    From the Calendar of Ethnic Ministries
    Oct 278:00 am Day of Continuing Education for Deacons
    From the Calendar of Diaconate
    Nov 1 Black Catholic History Month
    From the Calendar of African American Ministry
    Nov 1010:00 am Junta de Equipo Diocesano de Emmaus
    From the Calendar of Pastoral Juvenil
    Nov 1210:00 am Junta Diocesana
    From the Calendar of Pastoral Juvenil
    Nov 17 Diocese of Charleston Native American Catholic Heritage Celebration
    From the Calendar of Native American Ministry
    Nov 18 Vietnamese Martyrs Celebration
    From the Calendar of Vietnamese Ministry
    Dec 1 Black Catholics Heritage Celebration
    From the Calendar of African American Ministry
    Dec 15 Simbang Gabi for Filipino Catholics
    From the Calendar of Filipino Ministry
    Dec 25 Diocesan Television Christmas Special Fox 21
    From the Calendar of Ethnic Ministries
    Jan 412:00 am Class 2019 Ordination Retreat
    From the Calendar of Diaconate
    Jan 812:00 am Retiro Espiritual de Emmaus
    From the Calendar of Pastoral Juvenil
    Jan 1210:00 am Junta de Equipo Diocesano de Emmaus
    From the Calendar of Pastoral Juvenil
    Feb 911:00 am Ordination of Permanent Deacons
    From the Calendar of Diaconate